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冬蟲夏草(Caterpillar fungus)

作者:西藏商城藏善堂

發布時間:2010-01-30

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冬蟲夏草的中英文介紹(About Caterpillar fungus)
1、Cordyceps sinensis, also known as Chinese caterpillar fungus, or cordyceps is a parasitic fungus Cordyceps bat moth larvae in the body of the sub - Block and larval body complex. Ergot fungus belonging to orders, ergot fungus Branch, Cordyceps. As the name suggests, Chinese caterpillar fungus of course, is a worm in winter, while in summer it becomes a grass. Why amazing? It turned out that Cordyceps bat moth is a known animal, will be producing eggs in the ground to make it grow like silkworms hatched larvae in general. In addition, there is a spore, will go through water infiltration into the ground, seek out the parasitic bat moth larvae, and larvae of the body to absorb nutrition, and rapid reproduction, known as the Cordyceps fungi. When the hyphae grew slowly at the same time, the larvae have grown up with the slow, but drilled the ground. Until the mycelium to grow to a full of parasites, the larvae will die, this time exactly winter, that is, the so-called winter worm. When air temperatures rise, the mycelium will be the head slowly from the winter worm germination, grow grass like a normal child seat of fungi, known as summer grass. The head of the child seat in fungi contain ascus, ascus containing a spore. When the ascus mature, spores will be shed, once again looking for the bat moth larvae as hosts, this is the cycle of Cordyceps sinensis.


中文:冬蟲夏草又稱為蟲草或冬蟲草,是真菌冬蟲夏草寄生於蝙蝠蛾幼蟲體上的子座與幼蟲尸體的復合物。屬於麥角菌目、麥角菌科、蟲草屬。顧名思義,冬蟲夏草當然冬天是蟲,而夏天就變成草了。為什麼這麼神奇呢?原來,冬蟲夏草是一種叫做蝙蝠蛾的動物,將蟲卵產在地下,使其孵化成長得像蠶寶寶一般的幼蟲。另外,有一種孢子,會經過水而滲透到地下,專門找蝙蝠蛾的幼蟲寄生,并吸收幼蟲體的營養,而快速繁殖,稱為蟲草真菌。當菌絲慢慢成長的同時,幼蟲也隨著慢慢長大,而鉆出地面。直到菌絲繁殖至充滿蟲體,幼蟲就會死亡,此時正好是冬天,就是所謂的冬蟲。而當氣溫回升后,菌絲體就會從冬蟲的頭部慢慢萌發,長出像草一般的真菌子座,稱為夏草。在真菌子座的頭部含有子囊,子囊內藏有孢子。當子囊成熟時,孢子會散出,再次尋找蝙蝠蛾的幼蟲作為寄主,這就是冬蟲夏草的循環。


冬蟲夏草的成分
蟲草菌素:為一種與核酸有關的物質,具有抗生作用與抑制細胞分裂的作用。
冬蟲夏草的效用:冬蟲夏草有滋肺陰、補腎陽的作用,所以可以作為滋肺補腎、止血化痰、保肺、化痢、止癆嗽等調補的食品。


2、winter worm, summer grass, Cordyceps sinensis is a treasure. “Chinese caterpillar fungus called Cordyceps, Chinese caterpillar fungus parasitic fungi in winter moth larvae to the development made in summer. Cordyceps hence the name.
From the appearance point of view, Chinese caterpillar fungus parasites golden yellow, light yellow or yellow-brown, and also because the price is expensive and the “golden grass,” said. because of its high medicinal value, efficiency is good, at home and abroad are regarded as treasures, the market demand is strong, but the amount of its scarce natural resources, so the price is very expensive.
whether the worm or caterpillar fungus Grass? More simply, that is,  Vespertilionidae bat moths for many types of other offspring, spawning in the soil, after the eggs into larvae, previously, the Cordyceps fungus penetrated larvae absorb the material as the survival of larvae of the nutritional conditions, and the larvae continue to breeding, resulting in larvae filled with mycelium, in the coming year 5-7 when the weather gets warmer months, since the larvae grow yellow or light brown head and seat of the bacteria, the growth was out of the ground after the grass stalk-like, the result we usually see caterpillar fungus. Thus, although the shape of both insects and grass, but Non-insect non-grass and algae are bacteria.
Cordyceps sinensis is mainly distributed in China’s Qinghai, Tibet, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Gansu, about 4,000 meters above sea level at high altitude. professionals, according to the different origin are divided into Qinghai, grass, grass Tibet , Sichuan grass, Yunnan grass. There are also produced in Qinghai to Tibet, collectively known as the possession of Cordyceps sinensis. Generally speaking, Qinghai, Tibet, Cordyceps sinensis produced in the two places than in other parts of the intrinsic quality of a good, well received by the market welcomed the price of higher.
中文:冬天是蟲,夏天是草,冬蟲夏草是個寶。”冬蟲夏草簡稱蟲草,是冬季真菌寄生于蟲草蛾幼蟲體內,到了夏季發育而成。冬蟲夏草因此得名。
從外形上看,冬蟲夏草蟲體呈金黃色、淡黃色或黃棕色,又因價格昂貴而有“黃金草”之稱。因其藥用價值高,功效好,在國內外被視為珍品,市場需求量大,但因其天然資源量稀少,故價格十分昂貴。
冬蟲夏草究竟是蟲還是草?通俗地講,就是蝙蝠科許多種別的蝙蝠蛾為繁衍后代,產卵于土壤中,卵之后轉變為幼蟲,在此前后,冬蟲夏草菌侵入幼蟲體內,吸收幼蟲體內的物質作為生存的營養條件,并在幼蟲體內不斷繁殖,致使幼蟲體內充滿菌絲,在來年的5-7月天氣轉暖時,自幼蟲頭部長出黃或淺褐色的菌座,生長后冒出地面呈草梗狀,就形成我們平時見到的冬蟲夏草。因此,雖然兼有蟲和草的外形,卻非蟲非草,屬于菌藻類生物。
冬蟲夏草主要分布在我國青海、西藏、四川、云南、貴州、甘肅海拔4000米左右的高海拔地區。專業人士根據產地的不同又分為青海草、藏草、川草、滇草等。也有把產自青海、西藏的統稱為藏冬蟲夏草。一般來講,青海、西藏兩地出產的冬蟲夏草內在品質要比其他地方的好,很受市場歡迎,售價也較高。
3、caterpillar fungus (Cordyceps sinensis) expensive Chinese herbal medicine, referred to as “Chinese caterpillar fungus.” Cordyceps fungus (see ergot Section), the parasitic larvae of moths in the bat. Were parasitized larvae overwinter in the frozen soil layer below, known as winter worm. Winter bug due to the progressive development of fungal hyphae into the body and the dead. In summer, ministers from the dead larvae out of a handle head and neck, and slender Rod child seat, child seat out soil, the grass seemed to be known as the summer grass. Dead larvae and fungi collectively known as the sub-blocks
Cordyceps Cordyceps sinensis in China, 26 species, 24 species are known to be parasitic insects. Host insects, including Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Homoptera, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, Diptera, Isoptera, Orthoptera and spiders, to parasitic Cordyceps bat moth larvae in the Lepidoptera, the most valuable. Larvae host plants Polygonum viviparum underground stem. Born in grasslands over the ground. Produced in China, Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu, Qinghai and Tibet provinces.
according to the origin of different Cordyceps can be divided into: ① furnace grass, are grown in western Sichuan, where the Batang and pond area, in order to Kangding (Tachienlu) as a cargo distribution; ② Yunnan grass, grown in southern Sichuan, western Yunnan area, to Kunming as a distribution center; ③ shrub-grass, are grown in Sichuan Songpan area in order to Guanxian the distribution center.
early as the 18th century, China has to do with the Chinese caterpillar fungus medicine, in order to dry the child seat and parasite medicine, sexually warm, sweet, there are Bufei Yishen complement the essence of phlegm to stop bleeding and other functions, attending Consumption From Hemoptysis , impotence nocturnal emission, waist and knee pain.
中文:冬蟲夏草(Cordyceps sinensis)名貴的中草藥,簡稱“蟲草”。蟲草屬真菌(見麥角科),寄生在蝙蝠蛾幼蟲體內。被寄生的幼蟲在凍土層以下越冬,稱為冬蟲。冬蟲因真菌菌絲逐漸發展到全身而僵死。到了夏季,從僵死幼蟲的頭頸部長出有柄的、細長的棒形子座,子座伸出土外,狀似小草,稱為夏草。僵死的幼蟲與真菌的子座合稱冬蟲夏草
蟲草屬真菌在中國有26種,已知24種能寄生在昆蟲體內。寄主昆蟲包括鞘翅目、鱗翅目、同翅目、半翅目、膜翅目、雙翅目、等翅目、直翅目和蜘蛛,以寄生在鱗翅目蟲草蝠蛾幼蟲的最為名貴。幼蟲的寄主植物為珠芽蓼的地下莖。多生于草原地上。產于中國四川、云南、甘肅、青海、西藏等省區。
根據蟲草產地的不同,可分為:①爐草,產在四川西部的巴塘和里塘一帶,以康定(打箭爐)為貨物集散地;②滇草,產在川南、滇西一帶,以昆明為集散地;③灌草,產在四川松潘一帶,以灌縣為集散地。
早在18世紀中國就已用蟲草做藥材,以干燥的子座和蟲體入藥,性溫,味甘,有補肺益腎、補精髓、止血化痰等功能,主治虛勞咳血,陽痿遺精,腰膝酸痛。

 

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